Goggins, who co-stars as colorful small-town criminal Boyd Crowder on 'Justified,' will play Ohio Congressman Wells A. Hutchins, a progressive Democrat who went against his party to side with Lincoln and support the Thirteenth Amendment.
The prestige pic will star Daniel Day-Lewis as Abraham Lincoln, Sally Field as Mary Todd Lincoln, and David Strathairn, as Secretary of State William Seward.
Spielberg will start shooting in Virginia in the fall, for a late 2012 release.
Goggins next appears in 'Cowboys & Aliens,' followed by Straw Dogs' in September.
Before 'Justified,' Goggins starred opposite Michael Chiklis on 'The Shield' as Vic Mackey's BFF turned bitter enemy, Shane Vendrell.