Influential director Arthur Penn, who helmed the revolutionary crime drama 'Bonnie and Clyde,' died Tuesday evening, just one day after his 88th birthday.
The news was confirmed to the NY Times by Penn's son, Evan Bell, though the cause of death was not immediately disclosed.
Penn, who began his career in television and the theater, gained notoriety in the early '60s with the release of the 1962 film 'The Miracle Worker,' about the relationship between Helen Keller and her teacher, Anne Sullivan. The film, which was based on Penn's Tony-winning stage production, earned Penn his first of three Academy Award nominations, and won Oscars for its stars, Anne Bancroft and Patty Duke.
Penn would continue to direct a number of films throughout his career, including 1969's 'Alice's Restaurant.' But it was the 1967 classic 'Bonnie and Clyde' that would define his career and, as the Times points out, help reshape the way films were made in Hollywood. Based on the true story of bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, the film, which starred Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, helped set a new tone in American cinema, thanks to its frank portrayal of sex and violence.
Additional films include 'Night Moves,' which reteamed Penn with 'Bonnie and Clyde' co-star Gene Hackman, and the 1976 western 'The Missouri Breaks,' starring Marlon Brando and Jack Nicholson.
Penn was married to actress Peggy Mauer, with whom he had two children and four grandchildren. His brother was famed photographer Irving Penn.